Higher Education for
The generation of productive and adequately remunerated
employment is an indispensable component in the fight
against poverty. While this task presents a major challenge
for all the States and the UTs in India, it is by no means
an insurmountable one. However, success depends on a number
of key factors. It requires first and foremost, a
restoration of higher and more stable rates of economic
growth. But this will not be sufficient. It also requires
that supporting policies and programmes be put in place to
deliberately stimulate employment in all sectors of the
economy which hold the greatest promise for employment and
income generation on one hand, and on the other, the
implementation of strategies which can, among other things,
improve the access of all groups to education and training
and income generating activities in a sustainable manner.
The task of employment generation requires concerted action
by several ministries and departments of government both at
the national as well as the state levels. But it is not a
task for governments alone. Employers’ and workers’
organizations, as well as other members of civil society
must play an increasingly active role in the process. The
support of the international community is also critical, not
only in terms of resource flows, but in changing the rules
of international economic systems in favour of poor
producers and consumers.
These suggestions are being discussed with the hope that it
will stimulate some dialogue and serve as a basis for
possible action on this very important topic by bringing out
different publications and periodicals both in the print as
well as the electronic media with a view to making everybody
aware regarding the availability of jobs besides the
facilities for studies, training and research in different
institutions, schools, colleges and universities.
Strategies for Employment Generation
1. To collect data and information related to the existing
publications including newspapers, journals and periodicals
providing information and news regarding employment
opportunities besides facilities regarding academic and
professional training and research in different vocational
2. To bring out daily, weekly, fortnightly, monthly,
bimonthly, quarterly, six-monthly and yearly newspapers,
journals, periodicals and other publications related to
employment and training with a view to generating employment
specially among the weekers sections of the society.
3. To publish books, encyclopaedias, directories and
dictionaries on different topics with a view to generating
4. To connect the association with the labour market
mechanisms and patterns to give into the pattern and
intensity of poverty and into the factors concentrating it
among particular groups.
5. To give prominance to labour market policies, as well as
those related to employment, labour institutions, social
protection and human resource development and poverty
6. To distinguish between poverty due to exclusion from
access to jobs and poverty associated with the nature of
employment and the levels of income which it generates while
attempting to analyze the labour market situation in the
Indian Subcontinent and its impact on poverty.
7. To assess the degree to which labour market exclusion is
directly linked to poverty and the extent to which state or
community safety nets or family support systems exist or
whether it affects particular members of households (younger
persons, for example) where there is another income source.
8. To place the creation of employment at the centre of
national strategies and policies, with the full
participation of employers and trade unions and other parts
of civil society.
9. To help and assist in the formulation of policies to
expand work opportunities and increase productivity in both
rural and urban sectors.
10. To provide education and training that enable workers
and entrepreneurs to adapt to changing technologies and
11. To help generate quality jobs, with full respect for the
basic rights of workers.
12. To give special priority, in the design of policies, to
the problems of structural, long-term employment and
underemployment of youth, women, persons with disabilities
and all other disadvantaged groups and individuals.
13. To empower the women for gender balance in
decision-making processes at all levels and gender analysis
in policy development to ensure equal employment
opportunities and wage rates for women and to enhance
harmonious and mutually beneficial partnerships between
women and men in sharing family and employment
14. To also empower members of vulnerable and disadvantaged
groups through the provisions of proper and appropriate
education and training.
15. To look for a broader recognition and understanding of
work and employment and greater flexibility in working time
arrangements for both men and women.
16. To assist in alleviating poverty and unemployment:
either by focusing on the members of economically weaker
sections of the society and other groups directly affected
by the economic reform and adjustment policies such as
retrenched workers, or more generally by addressing chronic
and structural poverty and unemployment.
17. To strengthen the social acceptability and the political
viability of adjustment and reform programmes.
18. To help in creating a new approach and culture of social
service delivery based on a flexible institutional mechanism
circumventing the bureaucratic structure and encouraging
participatory and decentralized development with the
participation of local groups and associations.
19. To develop strategies to assist the formation and
strengthening of collective action in the informal sector by
developing relations with trade associations.
20. To raise awareness on the importance of good working
conditions and social security by extending workers’
education programmes to the informal sector.
21. To assist in improving working conditions of their
subcontractors in the informal sector with a view to
enabling them to create more employment opportunities for
trained and skilled persons.
22. To assist informal sector operators to take part in
23. To assist informal sector operators to organize
24. To integrate issues on occupational safety and health
and social security in programmes to raise productivity.
25. To assist informal sector self-help associations to
integrate awareness raising on occupational safety and
health into their activities.
26. To establish innovative market services for the
development of adult workers, by expanding the role of
employers and organized employees in the planning and
delivery of services, including training, retraining, job
search, placement, skills identification and counselling.
27. To increase the capacity of the private sector to
perform its role in the training and development of the
young men and women to acquire techno-managerial as well as
28. To improve the existing employment market information
29. To help adult workers to acquire new skills at the
technical and supervisory levels in order to make them
eligible for higher level jobs at higher wages in
occupations essential to economic growth or in their own
30. To reduce the transition time to new jobs for displaced
31. To accelerate the entry of female workers into skilled
technician, master craftsperson or supervisory positions.
32. To establish a permanent private sector mechanism to
fund a variety of workforce development activities and
create a forum for workers and employers to collaborate in
implementing human resource development strategies and
33. To provide skill and interests assessment and career and
employment counselling to determine the training, placement
or business development support, the employable persons need
to acquire the job, promotion or suitable income generating
34. To provide a comprehensive package of services to
include brokering and referral of workers to jobs,
on-the-job training, business development support services
and specialized training at the craftsperson, artisan,
supervisory or managerial level and appropriate
entrepreneurial training to place workers in new jobs,
better jobs or self-employment opportunity.
35. To promote the concept of establishing learning
laboratories which would provide computer assisted training
e.g. literacy, numeracy and workplace basics such as problem
solving, oral communication and planning and organizing
36. To establish Employment and Training Market Services
Centres to introduce innovative approaches in human resource
37. To establish the principle of equality between men and
women as a basis for employment policy and promoting
gender-sensitivity training to eliminate prejudice against
the employment of women.
38. To eliminate gender discrimination, including by taking
positive action, where appropriate, in hiring, wages, access
to credit, benefits, promotion, training, career
development, job assignment, working conditions, job
security and social security benefits.
39. To encourage various actors to join forces in designing
and carrying out comprehensive and coordinated programmes
that stimulate the resourcefulness of youth, preparing them
for durable employment or self-employment, providing them
with guidance, vocational and managerial training, social
skills, work experience and education in social values.
40. To cause research on the underlying factors which are
most important in differing national contexts in determining
the levels of youth unemployment.
41. To evaluate all types of policies and programmes tried
in different five-year plans with a view to designing a
foolproof and long-term strategy for employment generation.
42. To locate the factors which influence the success or
failure of specific policies and programmes relating to
employment and training.
43. To prepare a Policy and Programme Manual for policy
makers to aim primarily at national capacity building for
the design, implementation and evaluation of policies and
programmes for countering youth unemployment.
44. To help analyse the national background characteristics,
financial constraints, current educational efforts and
effects and present conditions of societal development in
different States and UTs of India.
45. To help the Central Government establish appropriate
targets for employment generation and derive suitable
strategies for implementing policies and programmes to meet
the needs of the educated unemployed.
46. To establish a Life and Career Advising Centre - a
single point of contact for student counselling on academic,
personal and career issues.
47. To create a learning environment all over the country
that encourages students to become actively involved in
their own education.
48. To help reduce unemployment in the country by assisting
the Central and the State Governments and public
institutions in the initiation of professional and job
oriented courses and by introducing the urban as well as
rural entrepreneurship programmes for self employment.
49. To encourage an employment policy that is free of
prejudice and party politics which promotes new ideas
relating to sustainability.
50. To strengthen the voluntary as well as non governmental
organisations in order to make them available for the
organisation and implementation of programmes having a
positive, social, economic and educational content with a
view to having more number of job givers than job seekers.
51. To serve as a centre of ideas and experience and
dissemination of employment and training information on
national as well as global job markets and its
availabilities, reach, awareness, policy, law, research
promotion, and preparedness in particular.
52. To help the Central and the State Governments in
organising formal and non formal training programmes in
attitudinal and behavioural change for bringing productivity
and efficiency with the help of the trained employers and
53. To publicize through the media an international network
instances of successful policies, programmes and
demonstrations regarding employment promotion and bring
these success stories to the attention of policy makers.
54. To establish a national network of like minded NGOs with
the ability to publicise the activities related to
55. To strengthen international scientific research
organisations so that they can play a larger part in shaping
and coordinating the research agenda on vocationalisation of
56. To work closely with policy research centres focusing on
global scale resource and development issues to bridge the
gap between basic research and policy on employbility.
57. To evaluate the existing curricula of the undergraduate,
graduate and postgraduate level courses and propose
necessary changes for making these programmes fit for
helping the alumnis to find self employment opportunities by
acquiring entrepreneurial leadership techniques.
58. To address the universal shortage of trained personnel
in new and emerging job oriented areas through a sharp
increase in funds to be sanctioned to universities and
59. To advise the younger generation for acquiring
appropriate knowledge and technologies from the aged persons
and senior citizens and to popularise their proven ideas and
60. To use restructured educational and training programmes
to reorient vocational education for creating jobs in the
new and emerging fields.
61. To help initiate training cum production cum
rehabilitation centres in the rural as well as urban areas
for the benefit of the younger generation.
62. To create employment generation environment by updating
the existing vocational training programmes in the
polytechnics, institutions, colleges and universities.
63. To strengthen with adequate study materials the existing
distance learning programmes for enabling the working
persons to strengthen their qualification and encouraging
earning while learning.
64. To prepare instructional texts including audio and video
lessons on employment and training to be distributed through
the existing institutions as well as through the new outfits
in the country.
65. To use and popularise the existing and new satellite
channels for teaching and training through the air for the
benefit of the citizenry.
66. To aid in organising conferences, seminars, meetings,
discussions, debates, study courses, collection of
statistics, exhibitions, shows, tour trips and to establish
different endowments and scholarships for the promotion and
furtherance of the employment generation strategy.
67. To organise employment museums for displaying the
available vacancies besides different types of
advertisements in the print and the electronic media.
68. To conduct sponsored as well as non sponsored research
programmes with the support of Central and State Governments
and publish such reports and case books.
69. To arouse in teachers and other educators a full
awareness of our responsibilities in moulding future
generations for a peaceful employment and work culture.
70. To promote that kind of education that will help each
individual from earliest years to develop full human
potential for constructive, peaceful living in the expanding
communities in which one grows; family, neighbourhood,
school, local community, country, in fact, the whole human
71. To seek to enable individuals through constant
educational and career improvement to deal with and resolve
misunderstanding, personal as well as social, in the spirit
of wisdom, charity and duty.
72. To support design, production and wide spread
distribution of educational materials for the furtherance of
social progress, international understanding, and worldly
73. To make the full use of mass media for the cause of
education especially in the proper communication of
controversial views and issues, local and global, so as to
maximize cooperation and conciliation.
74. To make everybody aware regarding the need for national
as well as international integration and cooperation.
75. To invite representatives of different countries
including the universities, NGOs and regulatory bodies for
discussing issues like labour, employment, entrepreneurship
76. To seek support of the educational and scientific
organisations for using their facilities and infrastructure
for conducting different programmes related to clean as well
as green jobs.
77. To help design courses on subjects and topics generally
not covered by existing institutions but are of great
importance viewing the changes in the societal systems.
78. To continue to be open in ideas, methods, systems,
places with no cloisters.
79. To help people through appropriate training to lead a
way of life that can be sustained by our Mother Earth.
80. To justify the creation of organisations by uniting all
the professionals of the country in order to influence the
power structure through their function as counselling
centres, and by placing them, whenever possible, in areas of
conflict for equalizing the flow of knowledge, for reducing
aggression and for generating attitudes of fraternization.
81. To suggest to the national and international leaders
alternative approaches to the solution of problems relating
to health, education, pollution, unemployment and
82. To encourage the establishment of institutions for
learning that serves the spirit of employment generation and
also by stimulating existing colleges and universities to
implement courses of study related to virtual education for
employment opportunities in the cyber related fields.
83. To cooperate with authorities at various levels in
implementing the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and
reminding the employers and the employees regarding their
human rights as well as human duties.
84. To collaborate in the work of existing and functional
organizations that have stated goals and purposes similar.
85. To propose to other developmental associations,
programmes on peace problems that are flexible in nature and
capable of being adopted and modified according to cultural
background, environment, and changing needs of people.
86. To update educational means for the reciprocal
dissemination of culture and the elimination of illiteracy.
87. To disseminate information in the form of advertisements
and/or articles regarding selection and recruitment in
public as well as private sector organisations in the
publications to be brought out from time to time.
88. To conduct periodical analaysis of employment and
unemployment data at both State level and all India level
and projections of labour force, workforce, and unemployment
in the country.
89. To suggest strategies and programmes for creating
gainful employment opportunities and to look into sectoral
issues and policies having a bearing on employment
90. To identify gaps and to suggest necessary approach /
strategies and the need based policies and programmes in the
fields of occupational safety and health, skill development,
social security, employment planning and policy.
91. To help provide opportunities for individuals seeking a
green or ecologically responsible career available in many
diverse catagories on the international, national, state and
local levels; in private, public, and non-profit sectors;
within different fields; and in different job functions.
92. To introduce responsible business practices fostering a
competitive edge through efficiency in production, minimum
generation of waste, and a more productive and healthy work
93. To advise the Government of India and the State
Governments to constitute People's Commission on Employment
Generation with a view to having immediate solution
regarding unemployment as well as unemploybility.
94. To collaborate, affiliate and federate with the Central
and the State Governments, agencies and bodies for
implementing the projects of employment generations.
95. To raise and borrow money for the purpose of the
promoting employment generation in such a manner as may be
decided from time to time and to prescribe the membership
fees, charges, grants-in-aid etc.
96. To purchase, take on lease or exchange, hire or
otherwise acquire properties, movable or immovable and
rights and privileges all over the world, which may be
deemed necessary and to sell, lease, mortgage, dispose or
otherwise deal with all or any part of the property.
97. To open branches, chapters and constitutent centres in
different parts of the country and get them registered with
appropriate authorities if needed and felt conducive for the
attainment of the aims and objects with a view to creating
98. To invest the money not immediately required in such
securities and in such manner as may be decided from time to
time, the money especially collected through subscriptions,
advertisements, sponsorship, fees, gifts, endowments,
donations, grants etc.
99. To finally provide information, knowledge, wisdom, and
education that prepares every body for leadership and social
responsibility enabling to think and communicate effectively
and to develop a global awareness and sensitivity for a
better global understanding, world peace and unity.
100. And to generally do all that is incidental and
conducive to the attainment of the objects relating to